World Maritime Day 2020 Theme: Why World Maritime Day is celebrated?
World Maritime Day
The World Maritime Day 2020 is being observed on 24 September every year. The aim is to raise awareness about Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) laid down by the United Nations. In the events the works done by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and its Member States to achieve the goals.
On the occasion of World Maritime Day, 2020, International Maritime Organisation (IMO) has kept the theme “Sustainable shipping for a sustainable planet” for this year. According to IMO, this year’s theme is to provide an opportunity to the leaders from shipping sector, to display the works done so far and also need of the steps they are planning for a sustainable future in coming time.
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As per IMO, “The shipping industry, with the support of the IMO regulatory framework, has already started the transition towards this sustainable future. IMO has adopted and will continue to develop measures to cut greenhouse gas emissions, reduce the sulphur content of ships’ fuel oil, implement the Ballast Water Management Convention, protect the polar regions, reduce marine litter, improve the efficiency of shipping through the electronic exchange of information, meet the challenges of the digitalization of shipping and enhance the participation of women in the maritime community.”
What is IMO?
In the year 1948, an international conference was conducted in Geneva, where the assembly of nations adopted a convention in order to establish the IMO. The IMO’s work was to develop and maintain an international regulatory framework of shipping sector.
In the Initial stage, IMO was named as the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organisation (IMCO) but in the year 1982 it was changed to International Maritime Organisation (IMO).
As per IMO’s official website, IMO focus on the areas like safety, environmental concerns, legal matters, technical co-operation, maritime security and the efficiency of shipping.
History of International Maritime Day
It was the first time on 17th March, 1978, first World Maritime Day was celebrated to mark the date of the IMO Convention into force in 1958. Initially, when IMO came into existence it had 21 Member States but now the family has grown to about 174 Member States and three associate Members.
National Maritime Day of India
For the first time, National Maritime Day in India was celebrated on 5 April, 1964 with an aim to spread awareness amongst the masses about the intercontinental commerce and the economy worldwide.
It is celebrated to support the global economy, the most well-organized, safe and sound environmentally responsive approach of transporting goods from one corner to another corner of the world.